The Zavos Organization

 

 

The replication of human beings through technological means has long been a subject of popular science fiction novels. Today as in many instances science has caught up with science fiction. We are told we now have the ability to improve the overall quality of life through genetic engineering.

We will soon be able to enhance our own intelligence, whether its through a chip implanted in the brain to make one smarter or have the blind see, and the deaf hear, or by gene splicing to give what is missing or correct what is flawed. Can wisdom enhancing agents be built in man that would have him go beyond any natural capabilities many say yes.

This new technology will not just affect a few people. It will directly affect the whole world we live in, as this technology will dominate the new century if allowed. Science allowed us previously to arrange the building blocks of life now we can add or subtract them.

We now hear of Head transplants in monkeys, headless frogs, cloned sheep, designer humans, we are entering a very different world now. Nuclear transfer has been done before (which is a clone from the Nucleus of an adult cell) it was performed successfully on tetra, a primate who recently made the news. Most of us have not considered the ramifications of this new science breakthrough that is just now making the news. But eventually we will have to make up our minds about how we feel about cloning. I'm in no position to speak scientifically on these matters but I have looked at what is being said and for us to think through the ramifications of what will soon occur

We first heard about this from Scientists in Scotland that had successfully cloned a sheep called Dolly, the first mammal to be reproduced identically from the artificially manipulated cells of a donor mammal. Since Dolly the sheep was cloned in 1996, scientists have been going further with DNA research.

But Dolly was not the first mammal ever cloned in a lab. Many others, including rhesus monkeys, have been cloned from one, two, and four-celled embryos. Dolly was the first mammal cloned from adult cells, which is a more difficult achievement scientifically than embryonic cloning.

The researchers in Scotland responsible for Dolly have plainly stated that they see no reason to pursue human cloning and are personally repulsed by the idea. But not all feel the same way and many would like to see this funded for numerous reasons because they believe its beneficial. We all know that every technology has the ability for abuse even though it was invented for good. But good intentions will guarantee nothing This is one of those things that if allowed can have a more disastrous affect than the atom bomb, if not controlled. But who will control it?

In Scotland, sheep with human genes produce a drug-to treat cystic fibrosis. In the United States, arctic flounder genes have helped tomatoes resist frost. These do have benefits, but then we have Glow-in-the-dark mice scampering around labs in Japan, their bodies hosting DNA from fluorescent jelly-fish. I guess this will help to catch mice in the dark.

In USA weekend Oct.1--3 1999 the question was asked Is Jurassic park coming true? entombed in Siberian permafrost for 20,000 years, a well-preserved woolly mammoth may soon prove extinction is only temporary.

The ancient mammoth is to be dug out and sent to an underground laboratory and ", a group of researchers will - cue the Jurassic Park soundtrack - attempt to extract DNA that eventually could be used to clone the seven-ton animal."

Larry Agenbroad, a mammoth expert from Northern Arizona University "There are very good odds of finding intact DNA".

Using the same technique that produced Dolly, scientists might inject the nucleus from a mammoth cell into an elephants egg, then zap it with electricity to jumpstart cell division. Next step: Implant the mammoth embryo into a surrogate elephant mother.

"There's tremendous potential to re-create an animal that existed with humans" in prehistory, says Agenbroad. And where might such an animal call home ? one possibility- an ice-age preserve called Pleistocene Park under construction in Siberia.

Still skepticism reigns in the scientific community. "The likelihood [of cloning an extinct species) is very low, but one should never say never," says Rob DeSalle, a molecular biologist at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. "Ten years ago, scientists didn't think cloning mammals was possible."

The mammoth may be only the first animal to rise from a dead species. In Australia and New Zealand, researchers are rounding up preserved specimens of an extinct tiger and Huia bird in a quest for viable DNA.

The last Spanish mountain goat in the world was killed by a falling tree but not to worry they are going to clone him. What this means is there may be no more endangered species. If they are successful with a Clone sample from a wooly mammoth or any of these, what next ? What if they were to clone what they call cro magnon man should they clone him to see what they were like. There has even been talk of cloning the Shroud of Turin. On the Art bell show Malachi Martin was asked about this and he stated this could be the 2nd coming. Hardly, but something to seriously consider in the quest for cloning humans.

An Internet poll asking "should humans be cloned?"

Current Poll Results:Yes: 49% (892 Votes) No: 51% (897 Votes)

We are split on its usage, But do we know what its hidden potentials and dangers are?

Stephen Grebe: professor of biology, at American University- "We’re going to be facing this issue with humans... With that possibility open, I’m concerned without safeguards that this will become a reality. It may very well already be."

We do know cloning occurs naturally Identical twins are an example, One in 67 births is twins. Identical twins are produced when a fertilized egg divides for the first time not remaining as a single organism, splitting into two independent cells. However each twin has his or her own distinct intellectual, emotional, psychological, and spiritual life. No twin considers themselves a carbon copy of someone else. they are individuals that enter different occupations, live different lifespans, get different diseases, They are shaped by their own likes and dislikes. Some say this is what clones would be like, but we really don't know.

Lets look at some of the ideas on the table

Here is where Cloning can be abused for health- Clone the child, keep the frozen twin available in case the original twin needs a transplant of some organ. There would be no rejection the tissues would match perfectly.

Artificial twins could be kept frozen as an insurance policy even after the original child is born. If the original child dies at an early age, a frozen twin could be thawed, and the parent would have the identical child to raise again.

Here is where Cloning can be abused for convenience. It would allow a women to have one set of identical twins without going through two pregnancies. The women may not want to disrupt her career, or would prefer to only have one child at a time. With cloning it would be assured that they would be identical. It would make things more convenient. A matter of fact a woman can clone a child put it on ice and take it out any time she pleased. If her pregnancy was inconvenient she can abort and take up where she left off years later. What kind of an identity crises would someone have to find they were not the original and a carbon copy a carbon copy from a lab an x-tra.

What happens where children are no longer loved and valued for who they are? We see this already with abortions, will this be any different? Many teenagers even adults struggle with the expectations of the culture to have the perfect image in the size and shape of their bodies. Will society influence everyone to have a certain ultimate look, or ability and reject those who do not! One question leads to another

Clones Rights United Front founder Randolfe Wicker, "We’re fighting for research, and we’re defending people’s reproductive rights... I realize my clone would be my identical twin, and my identical twin has a right to be born." This argument fails in that it was not a natural occurrence, he was not born in the true sense. Does this mean whatever we can make from another human being has as much rights as we do? Maybe more.

The bible teaches that reproduction is after each kind. God made an order to the species and a certain way for it to occur. Today scientists have the ability to not only change the species, they now have the ability to create a whole new species. Through Genetic engineering we are able to create something that has never been in nature before.

Critic Jeremy Rifkin called for an immediate ban on human cloning, urging it be classed a crime on par with "rape, child abuse and murder." A spokesman for the lab that created the clone stated that animal cloning necessarily would lead to human cloning.

History has proven whatever can be thought of can eventually be done . what is forbidden now will become a normality of life later, especially if there is money to be made. Under scientific advancement the Pandora's box is open.

Should this technology be left up to the population to vote by their pocketbooks (considering our sin nature, we would want to make ourselves perfect people. Laws have always lagged behind the technology as the product is marketed. We are never ready for the technology whether its guns, nuclear. There is no way for the laws to catch up with how fast science is progressing today. Yet many Scientist are excited as they see the potential for all kinds of possibilities.

Supporters of cloning feel the technological benefits of cloning for humanity outweigh any of the possible social consequences. As long as research is carefully done. We can all have an improvement in our quality of life. But do we want to roll the dice on this issue. Once its rolling it will be very hard to turn back , it could be a mistake of dire consequences.

The Benefits

No one wants to die. Bioengineering is pursuing to understand the basic building blocks of life, they are pursuing knowledge that only God knew. Dr. Richard Seed, one of the leading proponents of human cloning technology, suggests that it may someday be possible to reverse the aging process because of what we learn from cloning.

If they can mutate a few genes they can prolong life immensely and postpone the penalty of sin.

Science has identified that the average person carries 8 defective genes inside them. These defective genes allow us to become sick when we would normally remain healthy. With the technology of human cloning it may be possible to ensure that we no longer suffer because of our defective genes. We could have optimum health.

There was a court case where a child was denied health insurance because of what is in his gene pool, he was not at risk now but could be in the future.

Heart disease is the number one killer in the United States and several other industrialized countries. Scientists believe that they may be able to treat heart attack victims by cloning their healthy heart cells and injecting them into the areas of the heart that have been damaged. This can mean no more surgery for cures. Cloning may replace organ donors as the compatibility would be close to 100%. Surgery as we know it may change. It may look very crude after we venture into this new science.

Cloning research may contribute to treating diseases by allowing scientists to reprogram cells. The benefits of cloning could provide spare parts ones liver cells, or eye cells, or bone cells, hearts, lungs, livers, and kidneys could be produced. Embryonic stem cells can be grown to produce organs or tissues to repair or replace damaged ones. If any of body parts failed or were injured they can be replaced. Limbs for amputees may be able to be regenerated. Burn victims could receive new skin. Brain cells for the brain damaged, spinal cord cells for quadriplegics a paraplegic could be cloned, get a new body ending their paralysis.Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, heart failure, degenerative joint disease, diabetes, and other problems may become curable if human cloning and its technology are not banned. Sounds good on paper but…

Take for example Jesse Gelsinger was born with ornithine transcarbamoylase (OTC) deficiency, a rare metabolic disorder that disables the liver and causes a toxic buildup of ammonia. He volunteered for gene-therapy program last September at the University of Pennsylvania because gene therapy had been hailed as the new frontier of medicine. The experiment entailed patients injected with corrective genes to replace the missing or defective ones. The purpose was a commendable one, to save lives. Within 24 hours after Jesse received his first infusion, he was suffering from a life-threatening clotting disorder which red blood cells were breaking down faster than the liver could metabolize them. He now is known as the first patient to die directly from the result of gene therapy. His father who encouraged him to do this said to a senate subcommittee investigating this that he was not given all the information. Such as side effects and that lab monkeys have died during the same experiment. (Death by research People 2/21/2000)

Cloning animals for medicines, organs, and body parts to benefit ill or injured humans is a humane concept, but does the means justify the end. Are we playing God? We could possibly expand the human lifetime to double or even a thousand years if one keeps replacing what fails. It may be the golden age of mankind that is found in ancient myths and legends, but it will not be the Millennium of the bible.

We are allowed by law to fix flaws or failures in our human body but we are not allowed to expand it beyond its basic natural capabilities. So why not? We already receive spare kidneys from family members and parts from other humans like a liver or a heart to save a life, so what can be wrong with taking a cell from ones own body to have a perfect match.

A Cloned cell as a replacement for a body part is certainly not a human person, but it does open the door. As we all know once the door is open the envelope gets pushed further in time.

gene therapy can be done by having the genes are changed in the embryo so when the person develops it will contain the new genes. Designer genes will not be something you wear but something you are. Some believe that if a parent wanted to produce talents in a child similar to his own, they can clone the DNA from the cell of the adult that may produce a child with the same traits. You can call them designer children. Clones that are derived from an existing adult cell, that has older genes. What will life be to a cloned son looking at his dad and know he is his exact twin? The cloned son will know how tall he will be, whether he will be bald at 30, what are the hereditary flaws he has and will know what talents he possesses, unless there is gene tampering.

Supporters of cloning feel that with controlled research, the technological benefits of cloning clearly outweigh any of the possible social consequences, but do they outweigh the scientific dangers? The applications of cloning is seen as humanitarian Cloning could stop parents who risk passing their defects to a child. A fertilized ovum could be cloned, and the duplicate would be tested for disease and disorder of the original. If the clone is found free from any defects, then other would be as well. But what if it is found defective? Will it be destroyed for a more optimum fetus or will it be fixed?

Through Genetic research and use of this technology the advantage of curing diseases and its ability to treat and cure genetic flaws diseases is an ethical goal. But the potential to Create new species with gene splicing is not. Serious questions about the ethical legitimacy and potential abuses surround this new science. Its likely that the answers will not come quickly, but will research will continue.

When the Sunday Times reported that British scientists have created a frog embryo without a head.

Dr Patrick Dixon, a leading authority on the ethics of human cloning, author of "The Genetic Revolution" which forecasted the cloning of animals, predicted "Headless human clones will be used to grow organs and tissues for transplant surgery in the next 5-10 years." The technique used to create the headless frog could be adapted to grow human organs such as hearts, kidneys, liver and pancreases in an embryonic sac living in an artificial womb,

We are at the door of doing anything we want. Now people who may be dying can possibly get another body that was dead and make it alive by transplanting their head Right now we can freeze a body (cryonics) and we can even surgically remove a (monkeys )head and put it on another body. So when a persons body wears out they can have a cloned xtra and remove their head and transplant it onto the clone. The potential is that one can live forever as long as long as the bodies parts keep coming.
What would it mean to have an x-tra body part for you that you know would be compatible if an organ failed or a body part was destroyed. Certainly it would be wonderful. But with this seemingly advancement in technology comes a darker side, something so sinister that humanity has no way of grasping it right now. For the most part, science makes its progress and influences human ethics not vice versa. Look at evolution and modern psychology.

What happens if the original person dies, the clone can take his place. How many copies can be made, 1 to 5 or even10 its all left up to us. Parents who have a child die could recover them by recovering the cells from their dead child’s body. Appealing and possibly comforting but it can never give back the original lost child. The clones environment may change their personality even though they have the same genetic makeup as the original. In other words they may look the same but be a completely different person on the inside, if we can actually call them a person. Are they artificial, or genuine a human. What about their soul? Will they have one (Spirit). How do we reconcile what God made as a family unit now being dispensed with. This truly will be future shock, now.

One could literally make replacements for people and produce a whole new society. They can be automatons that do the work, while we their creators enjoy ourselves, the possibilities are endless for both good or bad.

This new population could be susceptible to the same diseases, and one disease could devastate the entire population if we are all clones having the same exact genes. Maybe the variety of man with all our flaws was included in Gods wisdom.

What of Infanticide-in India 4 million there are missing young girls because peasants have sonograms. China had to ban them. So will everyone choose males that will all be a certain type and no females. They may have men with no grand children. Do we remove the process of conception that was God given in the marriage relationship. This new science may well affect marriage as we know it.

If cloning is perfected for humans, there would be no genetic need for men. They can be replaced, we can all be replaced because we would be an inferior product to the new an improved one.

Solving the food problem.

In a meeting the British Association delegates heard from scientists predictions of apples with antibodies against tooth decay and crops that would glow when thirsty or diseased.

German scientists in Basle have already made fruit flies with extra eyes on their wings, antennae and legs, and scorpion poison genes have been added by Oxford geneticists to cabbages to kill caterpillars.

Monsanto has developed potatoes with bacterial insecticide genes to destroy Colorado beetle, and ESCA Genetics has made coffee beans with low caffeine, high aroma and pest resistance.

Genetic engineering on foods

Experimentation was done to find a more effective way to reproduce already genetically engineered sheep for production of pharmaceuticals. Sheep can be genetically engineered to produce a certain human protein or hormone in its milk. The human protein can then be harvested from the milk and sold on the market. Scientists take the human gene for the production of this protein or hormone and insert it into an early sheep embryo. Hopefully the embryo will grow into a sheep that will produce the protein. Edinburgh scientists have made a whole series of identical sheep, with the potential to create a flock of thousands of perfect clones.

The first transgenic mammals were born in 1976. There are now reported 60,000 artificially mutated animals born in the UK each year. Many of these creatures are said to contain a unique blend of genes from two or three species.

Some have been made by adding human genes to make them grow faster, or to turn their bodies into human medicine factories, or to make organs suitable for transplant. We could be setting ourselves up for agricultural and ecological disasters.

If we cloned animals or fruit for food and a large percentage of a nation's cattle were clones, if attacked by a virus it could effect the entire population or foods at one time. The result could be catastrophic food shortages in that nation if they depended on them. But with this research they could change the gene structure in the animal or food to be inoculated against it.

Nexia Biotechnologies in Canada cloned Three goats their next step is to use cloning to create goat that secretes spider silk gene in milk, commercial goal is to make BioSteel the strongest, toughest fibre in the world,( tensile strength 300,000 pounds per square inch.) Stronger and lighter than steel or polymers, uses could be artificial tendons or ligaments and other bio-degradable structures in medicine. First cloned goats with new gene will then be breed conventionally. (reported by Reuters April 28, 1999)

There is now an enormous amount of gene altered food. In Europe crops have been torn up and stores have banned  these products. In the US the stores want to carry biotech foods but the US government refuses to put labels on them. Up to 70% of the foods on shelves are genetically modified to improve flavor and shelf life (replacing preservatives, BHA and BHT ). The maker of Gerber foods recently dropped using genitically modified crops in its products. The nations two largest natural food chains are asking the FDA to label these genetically altered foods so they can be identified and kept out of health food stores.

The good the bad and the very ugly

The idea of super-breeding is nothing new, Hitler thought he could engineer a master race. Can we be seeing the seeds of a new third Reich on the horizon by technology? With the new technological tools that can be sold to anyone with enough money, dictators like Saddam Hussain could apply this science for specific breeding programs. They can make the ultimate army.

Cloning might be used to create a hybrid or a "perfect human,", by eliminating all the flawed genes. A Frankenstein-like scenario It has the possibilities to make one with above normal strength and sub-normal intelligence, someone who can be programmed by its master. Would they be really human. Would they have souls? Would the life expectancy of these creature be the same?

The experiments are limited only to our imagination. As Genesis said "the imagination of man was continually evil," and still is!

Speaking on BBC World Service, Dr. Patrick Dixon said, "We will see the creation of human beings which are growing yet technically dead because they have no brain - but is that the kind of world we want to live in? Hundreds of these humanoids could be made. Their creation will raise profound questions. The real issue is not Dolly the cloned sheep, or now the headless frog. It is how we want society to use gene technology now we have the ability to do more or less whatever we like with life, designing all kinds of bizarre creatures or hybrids. I am far more concerned by tomorrow's headlines than today's, and by the fact that most people are years behind reality when it comes to thinking through the impact of what is going to happen next." (Dr Patrick Dixon is author of Futurewise, receives 90,000 hits a week on his website.)

The ultimate counterfeit is to make a human being that is not human by origin. Man who was made in the image of God because he has a soul. Does this mean they would not have a conscience? Would they want to obey God, since it was man who became their creator. Could these new creatures be used as vehicles for demon possession making up an army to do the false Messiahs commands when he comes to rule for a short period. Imagine an army that has no conscience about life or death, that will obey a master as slaves without question. They could be vehicles for a new world order to carry out the plans of evil men

It's only a matter of time before scientists will mix human genes with various creatures. The bible has an obscure statement in the book of Daniel. " And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with clay. Daniel 2:43 clay is certainly humanity, but what is the iron? Whatever it is it won't mix.

These new hybrids could grow up without any biological parents, and have no adopted parents, the state could own them. And without this kind of love how would this affect their nature as persons. The truth is they may already be created and we would not even know it, since dolly went on for years before they told us.

Cloning has the possibility of creating creatures that are half human and animal with animal type powers and human thinking or vice versa. What if we are able to give a human type brain to animal. What would we call it? Would it have the same rights as humans if it can think like us? Maybe science will think they are Speeding up their evolution by making animals have some type of critical thinking and a ability to speak.

A decade ago, scientists created a goat-sheep a cross called a "geep." and camas (combined camels and lamas) simply by rolling two balls of cells together after fertilization. Monkeys and humans have 97% of genes in common so if the right genes   were transferred from a human to a monkey we could land up with a monkey more human than animal. If killed could we call it murder, though technically it would be be 1% cow. There are many other ethical issues that will affect us . How many human genes does another species have to possess before it is given human rights? Human genes have been added to pigs, cows, sheep, rabbits, mice and fish.scientists can use this technology to create new creatures. These questions will need facing sooner than you may think.

It took 277 eggs with transplanted cells to produce one live lamb. Ian Wilmutt and his associates required 277 tries before producing Dolly. The fact is that they kept cloning secret for three years after doing it, and more than likely were attempting to do it at least a couple of years previously. they didn't tell us anything until Dolly was seven months old, over a year after the cloning was successful and several more years after they started this secret project.

A new cloning technique has recently been developed which is far more reliable.   This was performed In July 1998, a research team at the University of Hawaii announced they cloned 50 mice in three generations from adult cells of a single mouse. It was the most successful cloning experiment to date.

The reaction

Many countries have already banned experimentation in human cloning or have imposed a temporary moratorium so that the ethical questions can be properly addressed before continuing. When the people of the US started to argue about the ethics of cloning and if it is right to clone humans. Pres. Clinton issued orders that no "federal" dollars could be spent to attempt to clone humans. The presidential commission on bio ethics considers it too risky to pursue and now has a 5 year ban. That's government funded research, but this does not stop scientist to pursue it on their own finding funding from another source other then the government. The development of this will end up in countries where there is little or no gene legislation because there of the demand. Over 170 nations have no gene laws. Regulating this in America is basically useless when you can fly a plane elsewhere and implant a clone in only a few hours time.

What about those who would want to clone famous or brilliant people. or wealthy individuals who would want to populate the earth with themselves. None of this can realistically be controlled by regulations because In many parts of the world, they do not adhere to the same ethics, especially if there is money to be made.

Dr Richard Seed's group has raised $15 million and bought land in Hokkaido, Japan. The human cloning group's Tokyo consultant James Ryan says, the facilities will open in August 1999 for infertile couples. The goal is human cloning and They expect around 500 baby human clones each year. Dr Seed said of human cloning earlier this year: "God made man in his own image. God intended for man to become one with God. Cloning and the reprogramming of DNA are the first serious steps in becoming one with God." 

The Associated Press reported in Oct 98 a wealthy couple,  donated $2.3 million to Texas A & M University to clone their dog.

Nov. 1998 The world's first human clone of an adult had been made, by an American biotech company in Massachusetts, Advanced Cell Technology. They took a cell from Dr. Jose Cibelli, a research scientist and combined it with a cows egg from which the genes had already been removed.

This was done by removing DNA from the skin of a man's leg and inserting it into a cow's egg, which previously had its nucleus removed. It is reported that ACT may have performed the same experiment years before.
The genes activated and the egg began to divide in the normal way up to the 32 cell stage at which it was destroyed. If the clone had been allowed to continue beyond implantation it would have developed as Dr Cibelli's identical twin. Technically 1% of the human clone genes would have belonged to the cow - the mitochondria genes.

A British scientist in the 1980s who was attempting then to clone human embryos - with some success. His purpose he said was to freeze clones to be used later for spare parts.

One of the major arguments against cloning is that it would rob individuals of their uniqueness, that is designed and given by God or Nature. But the assumption is that "we are our genes", and this is what makes us who we are. But humanity is more than our genes. The bible teaches we are fearfully and wonderfully made, science is beginning to uncover how real this statement really is.

The New York Times' section on Science Times (November 11, 1998) said "Experts See Immortality in Endlessly Dividing Cells." Are scientists coming close to finding man is more than his body?

There is something more to mankind than his physiological makeup and scientists are possibly coming close to discovering this.

THE NEW GENESIS  BY TOBY MOORE IN NEW YORK AND MICHAEL HANLON IN LONDON
A BLUEPRINT for the creation of life is about to be unveiled by scientists. The mystery of creation, which took nature hundreds of millions of years, may now be accomplished by Man within five years. A leading genetics researcher has worked out the process to create a synthetic bacterium. Scientists say it is only a short step to the creation of much more complex life forms.
It raises the prospect of humans ultimately being able to create new species of plants and animals. Dr Craig Venter revealed at a US science conference in January that he planned to investigate the possibilities of making bacteria using artificial DNA. The production of a written blueprint for creating a synthetic organism so rapidly will confound skeptics.
It will make human beings the creators of other living forms far sooner than expected, possibly just a few years into the new millennium.
The blueprint is now being submitted to the prestigious journal Science and will astound the world of genetic research.
Professor David Magnus, a scientist at the University of Pennsylvania's Centre for Bioethics, said that it would be "a short step" from making a basic bacteria to creating animals and plants.
The ethics expert, a world authority on the new genetic sciences, has called for a measured response to the breakthrough, which will renew the debate surrounding genetic engineering.

Creating life in the lab

Using in-vitro fertilization, we already have the ability to start a new life outside of the womb, are we willing to go to the next step of genetic engineering eggs of humans. Infertile couples are already buying human eggs on-line. Can we find ourselves in a society where Supermodels or geniuses' could sell their eggs to the highest bidder. Many think human organs will be made available in bio-auctions very soon.

In 1980 a California Co. started a Nobel sperm bank which sold the sperm of Nobel prize winners to help woman give artificially inseminated birth to smarter babies.

On the other hand now one can breed for beauty in eugenics. Ron Harris a fashion photographer and a producer of exercise videos and director for playboy TV believes that being beautiful is part of evolution which favors fitness and good health. As attractive people are more successful and popular. So he has created a web site where people can bid for the eggs of beautiful models. (www.ronsangels.com) shows the photos of glamorous woman who are selling their Ova to the highest bidder. Starting at $15,000(infertility clinics charge much less 2,500-3,000) the concept is to put the fertilized eggs in a woman who hare not so beautifully endowed to breed better looking people. He also plans in the future to sell the sperm of male models with the bids starting at $10,000 . So a couple could breed a ultimate looking child that has no biological connection to them. (reported on the Berean Call program on world magazine)

The CREATORS

   Jerry Hall who is involved in splitting cells, was asked in the Time magazine article (November 8, 1993, p. 67) if he feared that his work would create a public backlash towards this kind of research. He said: "I respect people's concerns and feelings. But we have not created human life or destroyed human life in this experiment." Hall and Stillman seem to hold to the position the embryos they were working with were not human life. Than what they are saying is that they are not creating human life but non life. Yet if left to grow successfully what would it be?

If two to four identical embryos could be created from a single fertilized egg, then one could be tested for the genetic marker, and the others held in frozen storage. The genetic testing may even require the destruction of the initial embryo. If the test is negative, then one of the reserve embryos could be thawed, implanted, and brought to term. This process demeans human life. If the test confirms the presence of the genetic disease, all embryos could be destroyed.

Human embryos have already been cloned using other methods. Where do we draw the line? Is there a line?

God says there is. Isa. 42:5 Thus says God the LORD, who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread forth the earth and that which comes from it, who gives breath to the people on it, and spirit to those who walk on it:"

                        The Different Religious reactions
The Catholic Church: John Paul II released a statement condemning the cloning of all life forms. The Vatican also issued a statement that only condemned human cloning, but did not address other forms.

Sunni Islam: Abdelmo’ti Bayyumi, theologian from Al-Azhar University declared it is forbidden to clone animals under Islamic law. However, some Muslims have testified to the National Bio-ethics Advisory Committee that they feel cloning might be allowable if it produced ways to counteract infertility.

Judaism: The Chief Rabbi of Israel, Meir Law, stated that the cloning of any creature is against Jewish law. However, some believe cloning in order to produce better food and medication would be allowable in Jewish tradition.

Biotechnology Industry Organization: Carl Felbaum, president- "One of the prospects should not be, perhaps should never be, the extension of this technique to human beings... Now that it may be possible we would say it should be prohibited if necessary by law."

This science can be exploited to produce horrendous results but it all depends on which side one is on. But even some who hold to belief in God are pro cloning ,two religions in particular the Raelian Religion and the Summum Religion, believe in cloning as one of their tenets.

The founder of a religious organization called the RAELIAN MOVEMENT that claims that life on earth was created scientifically in laboratories by extra-terrestrials by the name (Elohim) and that Jesus' resurrection was a clone performed by the Elohim. Has announced that he and a group of investors have set up a company named VALIANT VENTURE LTD which will offer a service called CLONAID (r) to provide assistance to would be parents willing to have a child cloned from one of them. The Bahamas-based Company plans to build a laboratory in a country where human cloning is not illegal and will offer opportunity to parents with fertility problems or homosexual couples to have a child cloned from one of them. With a charge as low as $200,000 US dollars for its cloning services it will be for the wealthy only. They will also offer a service called INSURACLONE (r) which, for a $50,000 fee, will provide the sampling and safe storage of cells from a living child or from a beloved person in order to create a clone if the child dies of an incurable disease or through an accident.

RAEL said: "Cloning will enable mankind to reach eternal life. The next step, like the ELOHIM with their 25,000 years of scientific advance, will be to directly clone an adult person without having to go through the growth process and to transfer memory and personality in this person. Then, we wake up after death in a brand new body just like after a good night sleep!"

I'm not sure if we are to take this seriously from this religion, but the opportunity for anyone to have a business in this is open.

Promoters

The Libertarian Political Party supports human cloning.And stated it " is one of the "most exciting and important scientific breakthroughs of the 20th Century" and should not be prohibited by the government." (NEWS FROM THE LIBERTARIAN PARTY Feb. 25, 1997) recognizing animal cloning may produce drugs to save lives they warmed politicians, Don't play God with human cloning. "Yes, cloning of human beings does raise serious ethical issues, but those issues are best addressed by individuals, doctors, and scientists -- not politicians," said Dasbach. "It would be a shame if frightened politicians slammed the door on one of the most exciting and important scientific breakthroughs of the 20th Century."

Gay Today is a weekly Internet newsmagazine , They are unequivocally pro-human cloning closely covering the cloning issue.( On their web site they have dolly dressed in robe looking messiahlike).

The science of cloning has implications for same sex reproduction. "Heterosexuality's monopoly on reproduction is now obsolete."

The Human Cloning Foundation Is a nonprofit organization incorporated in the state of Georgia. They have five board members - a lawyer, a bioethicist, an Internet expert, an activist, and a physician.

Council for Secular Humanism has a Declaration in Defense of Cloning and the Integrity of Scientific Research

They are in favor of scientific advances that have contributed improvements in human welfare. They recognize legitimate ethical questions about the process and recommend to go ahead with cloning with appropriate guidelines against any abuses." Every effort should be made not to block the freedom and integrity of scientific research

The International Cloning Society is pro cloning and believes one of their roles is,"… in part, to collect, record, file and maintain the data (and DNA/cell specimens) of those people who have become registered members." One of the reasons is Space travel and the colonization of distant planets.

Cloning is an outrage to most of the fundamental religions, as it appears they are playing God, and meddling in the natural process of life and development. Prof Magnus said that his committee believed official regulation should not precede developments, but run alongside.
The late 20th Century was about discovering genes and tinkering with them. The next century, he predicted, "is going to be about designing them". we can then design the child we want.

In a group Interview with some great thinkers and scientists on Fox news in the beginning of this year 2,000 here is what one had to say "I think there are no boundaries, I think that within a few hundred years we will have the power of a God,we will have the ability to remake the human species in our image animate the inanimate. However the question is will we have the wisdom of Solomon to go with the power of a God."(The new millennium Fox news, science fiction or science fact Jan.2, 2000)

Science has the ability to clone and copy what God did on the fifth and sixth days of creation and attribute it to man. The scientist can now play the role of the Creator.

Gen 1:27: " So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them." Now man wants to improve on this to make a new species in our image. The difference is God breathed in life directly into man who was made from the earth. Isa. 45:12 God says," I have made the earth, and created man on it. I-- My hands-- stretched out the heavens, and all their host I have commanded."

For Col. 1:16 states" principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him."

As the Lord pronounced in Genesis our imagination was continually evil, has anything changed? Today that evil has ramifications we can hardly understand at the crossroads we are now at.

Like anything we develop, cloning can be used for good or for evil. Many things we are using today from research are helpful to us, but can still have the potential for, and has already been used for evil. Dynamite was invented to help build railroads for transportation, but it was used for destruction. Knives are used every day to save lives as well as to take them. The tool is neutral, but man's use of it is not. It is left up to the ones who hold it in their hands.

The apprehension about cloning is confirmed when we look at us as people and a society in a moral-ethical decline. Our track record in setting and enforcing guidelines that are ethical should give anyone concern. Society is on the brink of a moral disaster and this added to our dilemma cannot bring anything good in the long run.

Because of man's rejection of God we have now come to this turning point in human history. In essence cloning is trying to reverse the effects of the fall and trying to give man a shot at eternal life avoiding death which was the punishment for the fall. God has offered us eternal life, but we must receive it his way. Cloning with all its benefits for the human condition will not be the cure we have been searching for, it may just may speed up our demise.

 


 

Repromed International

 

Zavos Diagnostic Laboratories